Terrorist Acts Supported by Iran
The 1979 Islamic revolution brought new ideology and a new government to Iran that supported terrorism activities. These activities have forced the United States and Iran to have a tumultuous relationship.
Neighboring Terrorist Group
Hizballah is a Lebanese group that Iran has given millions of dollars to. Iran doles out more than $100 million to the Hizballah. Small arms, Rockets, anti-tank guided missles, and artillery systems are just some of the military armament Iran gives to Hizballah. Iran incorporates Hizballah into its external security network, exchanging intelligence and military personnel. Iran and Arab countries have shown greater support for Hizballah as its anti-Israeli efforts increase. The Palestine Islamic Jihad and Hamas are two organizations that are connected to Hizballah and are vocal about their opposition to the existence of Israel. Israeli-Syrian and Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations have been disrupted by Iranian support for these groups. Iran’s status within the Middle East is improved when these peace negotiations fail.
The Islamic revolution of 1979 toppled the rule of Iran’s royal family and their supporters. The Islamic revolution was led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who, as Supreme Leader of Iran, decreed that the revolutionary ideas should be spread globally.
Iran’s constitution and the documents of the Islamic Revolutionary guard espouse the beliefs that originate with the Islamic revolution.
Iran’s partnerships go beyond Hizballah to other factions in the Middle East and elsewhere. Iran has supported Islamic group and militants in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bahrain, and Iraq, among other parts of the world. These organizations want to topple their Muslim governments.
Iran is a Shi’a Muslim government, but is quick to back terrorism by other Muslim groups. In recent years, Tehran has helped groups from Muslim backgrounds it has not typically been affiliated with. Non-Shi’a organizations, such as the Iraqi Kurdish, Palestine Islamic Jihad, and Hamas, are given financial and military help from Iran.
Al-Qa’ida and the Taliban are a few organizations supported by Iran, despite these groups disdain for Shi’a Islam.
Iran’s efforts are to expose the world to the ideas around the Islamic revolution.
To learn more, read the work of Mark Dubowitz.
Crisis in Syria
Yet, the recent problems in Syria–as its leader Bashar alAsad is facing opposition–poses difficulties for Iran. Iran has few friends in the Middle East, however, Syria is one of them.
If Iran were to lose its friendship to Syria–or the leadership of alAsad–that would mean fewer opportunities to manipulate the conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians. Iranian leadership feels the global campaign to dispose alAsad as the head of Syria is a move to weaken Iran’s role in the Middle East.